Before you press your camera's shutter button to photograph the perfect landscape, there are many things you need to firstly consider.
A landscape photograph is a photograph in which the main subject is nature. The objective of a landscape photograph is to capture the beauty of the natural landscape, and this is the reason landscape photographers do not include people his or her subjects. Landscape photography, just like wildlife photography, is difficult as it requires a lot of time and energy. Whether you’re new to digital photography or simply searching for new photo ideas, our fast and simple landscape photography tips and camera tips will help you take better pictures using the minimum of fuss.
The following tips can assist you to produce attractive landscape pictures, regardless of the environment you’re shooting in and also the style of photography you adopt.
Use a Wide Angle Lens
The perfect lens for landscape photography is a wide-angle lens. Using a wide-angle lens enables you to capture more of the breathtaking view in your shot. Also, utilizing a wide-angle lens for your shot gives you a choice of converting it into a panorama, with the aid of editing software. You can test out different angles for the shots as well as with lenses of different focal lengths.
Use a Tripod
Consequently of the longer shutter speed that you may have to select to compensate for a small aperture you will have to find a way of ensuring your camera is totally still during the exposure. Actually even if you’re able to shoot in a fast shutter speed the practice of utilizing a tripod can be beneficial to you. Also consider a cable or wireless shutter release mechanism for added camera stillness.
Use Filters and Polarizers
If you are using the shot during the day, it is advisable to use graduated filters. By doing this, there will be a balanced exposure within the photograph right from the beginning without you needing to spend hours on Photoshop editing it. You will find an array of different filters that serve to enhance your shot in different ways. While density filters control the amount of sunshine reaching the lens, color filters are available in different colors, and add a touch of the particular shade to the photograph. Polarizing filters add saturation to your shots.
The magic hour
Beautiful landscape photos are often based on the quality of light they were drawn in. As a consequence, photographers tend to shoot at the start of the morning or during late afternoons once the sun is lower, less contrasty and often displays a subtle colour palette of moody hues. Because of this, the hours after dawn and before dusk are classified as the ‘magic hours’. If rising at dawn doesn’t sit well with your concept of a relaxing weekend, don’t panic – there are many great landscape opportunities throughout the day.
Maximize the Depth of Field
Increasing the depth of field of the photograph means a larger part of the photograph is in focus. To do this you have to decrease the aperture of the camera. However, decreasing the aperture size means less light reaching the image sensor, which must be neutralized by increasing the shutter speed.
Follow the Rule of Thirds
According to this rule, you’re supposed to divide any composition into three parts by imagining lines passing across it. Now, you need to set the frame so that the areas or objects you intend to focus on, lie on the intersection of those lines. This can be a useful tip for beginners within the field of landscape photography.
The term ‘landscape’ generally brings serene images to the mind. However, objects in motion do form part of many landscapes. Consider this. You climb a hill to capture the breathtaking view of the valley below. On your long ago after having clicked some splendid shots, you suddenly stumbled upon a majestic waterfall. Being the nature lover that you’re, would you not want to capture the beauty of their cascading waters? ‘But how?’, you might ask. Well, to capture moving elements inside a landscape, you need to set a slow shutter speed. However, you must keep in your mind that a slow shutter speed means more light reaching the lens. To counter this, you must have a smaller aperture and use the right filters.
Most landscape photographers have a circular polarising filter in their kit bag. There are lots of uses for filters like this, but for the landscape photographer the 2 key characteristics are their ability to cut out reflections and nasty glare from the scene and the increased colour intensity, saturation and contrast they’ve created. You’ll really notice the effect in clear blue skies.
Use a Tripod Camera Stand and Remote
For that simple reason that you need to set the shutter speed as high, to pay for a smaller aperture, it is extremely important that your camera is totally still while the shot is taken. If you hold the camera in your hand during the shot, chances are that it could get shaken, resulting in a blurred image. It is better still if you use a wireless remote instead of manually clicking the shutter with your hands because this way you’ll get really sharp images.
Choose the Perfect Timing
The caliber of landscape photography depends a lot on what time of the day you are taking your shots. Experts believe that the optimum time to take your shots is either at the start of the morning or late in the evening. Sunrise and sunset give a special touch to your photographs and therefore are termed as the ‘golden hours’. This is because the angle as well because the color of the light during these hours have been widely accepted because the best for landscape shots.
Patience is one of the key ingredients to stunning landscape photography. Rushing through the entire process would land you with images that could be good enough but never extraordinary. If shooting a masterpiece is exactly what you are after, then you need to set up that extra effort. On reaching the location, just spend time in scouting for that perfect angle and wait for that time of the day once the lighting is just perfect.